Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx and Friderich Engels

Istoriya vsego dosele sushchestvuyushchego obshchestva (2) - eto istoriya klassovoy bor'by.

Frimen i rab, patritsiy i plebey, vlastelin i krepostnoy, gil'diyskiy master (3) i podmaster'ye, odnim slovom, ugnetateli i ugnetennyye, postoyanno soprotivlyalis' drug drugu, prodolzhali nepreryvnyy, teper' skrytyy, teper' otkrytyy boy, bor'ba, kotoraya kazhdyy raz zakanchivalas', libo v revolyutsionnom vossozdanii obshchestva v tselom, libo v obshchey gibeli sopernichayushchikh klassov.

V boleye ranniye epokhi istorii my nakhodim pochti vsyudu slozhnuyu organizatsiyu obshchestva po raznym poryadkam, mnogogrannuyu gradatsiyu sotsial'nogo ranga. V Drevnem Rime u nas yest' patritsii, rytsari, plebei, raby; v sredniye veka, feodaly, vassaly, gil'dii, podmaster'ya, ucheniki, krepostnyye; pochti vo vsekh etikh klassakh, opyat' zhe, podchinennyye gradatsii.

Sovremennoye burzhuaznoye obshchestvo, vozniksheye iz ruin feodal'nogo obshchestva, ne pokonchilo s klassovym